NMIMS Assignment Solution for HRM- September 2023

Q2. Patil Developers has ventured heavily into the commercial building construction market, leaving all its competitors behind. This has been possible due to its regular job analysis review process. As their HR Consultant, explain in detail some of the methods for collecting job analysis data. Give examples as needed.

Job analysis is a systematic process of gathering and analyzing information about jobs within an organization. It involves collecting data about job duties, responsibilities, required skills, knowledge, and qualifications. Several methods can be used to collect job analysis data. Here are some commonly used methods:

  1. Interviews: Conducting interviews with employees, supervisors, and subject matter experts is a common method for collecting job analysis data. Structured interviews involve asking specific questions about job tasks, responsibilities, and requirements. For example, an HR consultant can interview employees working in different roles at Patil Developers to gather information about their daily tasks, skills required, and challenges faced. The consultant can also interview supervisors to understand the expectations and performance standards for each job.
  2. Questionnaires and Surveys: Distributing questionnaires or surveys to employees can be an effective way to collect job analysis data. The questionnaires can include multiple-choice questions, rating scales, or open-ended questions to gather information about job tasks, skills, knowledge, and responsibilities. For instance, Patil Developers can design a survey asking employees to rate the importance and frequency of specific tasks related to commercial building construction. They can also include open-ended questions to gather additional insights or suggestions.
  3. Observation: Direct observation of employees performing their jobs is another method to collect job analysis data. The HR consultant can observe employees engaged in various tasks and record detailed information about the activities, skills utilized, and the context in which the tasks are performed. For example, the consultant can observe project managers at Patil Developers during meetings with clients, reviewing blueprints, or overseeing construction progress to gather insights about their roles and responsibilities.
  4. Job Analysis Questionnaires: Job analysis questionnaires are structured forms that ask specific questions about job characteristics, responsibilities, and requirements. These questionnaires are typically filled out by employees and their supervisors. They cover areas such as job title, job summary, essential job functions, required skills, knowledge, and physical demands. The HR consultant can provide job analysis questionnaires to employees and supervisors at Patil Developers and gather detailed information about their respective roles.
  5. Job Performance Data: Analyzing job performance data can provide valuable insights into job requirements and essential competencies. This can involve reviewing performance evaluations, productivity metrics, quality standards, and customer feedback related to specific job roles. For example, the HR consultant can analyze performance data of project managers at Patil Developers to understand the key competencies and skills associated with successful project management in the commercial building construction market.
  6. Job Shadowing: Job shadowing involves spending time with employees in their work environment to gain a firsthand understanding of their job tasks, responsibilities, and skills. The HR consultant can shadow employees in different roles at Patil Developers, observing their activities, asking questions, and documenting the tasks and competencies involved. This method allows for a deep understanding of the job requirements and can provide insights not easily captured through other methods.
  7. Work Diaries or Task Logs: Requesting employees to maintain work diaries or task logs can be an effective method to collect job analysis data. Employees can record their daily activities, tasks performed, time spent on each task, and any challenges or issues faced. This method provides detailed information about the actual tasks performed and the time allocated to each task. The HR consultant can review these logs to gain a comprehensive understanding of job responsibilities.

By utilizing a combination of these methods, the HR consultant can gather comprehensive job analysis data for different roles within Patil Developers. The data collected through these methods will provide a solid foundation for developing accurate job descriptions, defining job requirements, determining compensation structures, and supporting various HR processes within the organization.


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